CEO of Infosys Technologies Limited, one of the jewels of the
Indian information technology world. Friedman describes Nilekani as one
of the most thoughtful and respected captains of Indian industry.
Friedman's wife. Ann is a first-grade teacher and Friedman's confidant
throughout the text.
Friedman's daughters, whom he references throughout the text.
He is the Ricardo to whom Friedman refers in the subtitle of
Chapter 5, Is Ricardo Still Right?. Ricardo (1772-1823) was an English
economist who developed the free-trade theory of comparative advantage,
which stipulates that if each nation specializes in the production of
goods in which it has a comparative cost advantage and then trades with
other nations for the goods in which they specialize, there will be an
overall gain in trade, and overall income levels should rise in each trading
He is the president of Georgia Institute of Technology. When
Clough became president of the college the graduation rate was only 65%
and the atmosphere was dull. By altering the admission process to favor
students who played a musical instrument or sports, Clough transformed
the mood of the college. Students are more creative and have a higher
rate of graduation.
Marx and Engels coauthored the Communist Manifesto, which
has become one of the most influential political treatises in Western
political thought. The Communist Manifesto was commissioned by
the Communist League and published in 1848. The text incites the masses
(the proletariat) to rise up and overthrow the bourgeoisie. Friedman references
the text's insight into the globalization of the world.
Friedman invokes comedian Bill Cosby's July 2004 speech at Jesse
Jackson's Rainbow/PUSH Coalition & Citizenship Education Fund's annual
conference to discuss the importance of parenting in the flat world. Here,
Cosby criticized African-American parents for not properly disciplining
their children. Friedman believes all parents, regardless of race, class,
ethnicity, or creed, must make sure their children are prepared for heightened
competition in the flat world.
Despite the criticisms Friedman has had of Microsoft
in the past, he presents Bill Gates (chairman of Microsoft) as someone
who is personally committed to helping the other 3 billion people through
his 27 billion dollar foundation, which he oversees with his wife Melinda.
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is flattening the world by saving
lives in impoverished third world nations.