Coffee is a symbol of adulthood. In Chapter 1 Jethro gets only a taste of coffee on his brother’s bread. This symbolizes that he is still a child, but is on the verge of maturing. In Chapter 2, when he feels upset Jenny gives him milk, again symbolizing that he is still a child. But before his trip to Newton (Ch. 5), where he is expected to carry out a man’s responsibilities, Jenny makes him coffee. It is also coffee, or rather lack thereof, that makes Jethro’s mother extremely ill. Thus coffee is also a symbol of the painful side of adulthood.
The Creighton family Bible has a ledger in the front where they record births, deaths, and marriages. It is a concise record of the barest facts of the family’s life. In it Jethro also sees the history of his own life. He survived the disease that killed three of his brothers, he agonized over the death of his sister Mary, and finally, he is able to joyfully enter the date of Jenny’s marriage to Shad. The ledger symbolizes the family’s joys and sorrows, and their acceptance of their fate.
A motif, or idea, that recurs in Across Five Aprils is Hunt’s fairness in representing both sides of each issue that arises. Both sides of secession and slavery are discussed in a heated family argument with Cousin Wilse. Bill presents the wrongdoings of both the North and the South when he shares with Jethro that he is “scairt sometimes”. Contrasting public opinion about Lincoln’s words and decisions are offered, as are opinions of the various battles and generals. It is made clear that there is no absolute right or wrong, but that beliefs should be well grounded and firm, not wavering with mercurial public opinion.
Title / Author
Across Five Aprils by Irene Hunt
Type of Novel
The Creighton farm in southern Illinois. April, 1861 through April, 1865, during the American Civil War.
The American Civil War
Jethro Creighton struggles with the responsibilities of manhood thrust upon him by the uncertainties of war.
The bond of family; varying perceptions of the war; power of the Presidency; importance of justice and forgiveness
Gravity, melancholy, determination
Point of View
Anonymous third person chronicling the war and its effects on the life of Jethro Creighton
Coffee symbolizes adulthood; the Bible ledger symbolizes joy, sorrow and the acceptance of fate
Seeing both sides of each issue
Used to set the rural scene and demonstrate levels of ignorance
Cite this page:
Cassie, Donna L.. "TheBestNotes on Across Five Aprils".
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