Study Guide: Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne|
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STUDY GUIDE: 20,000 LEAGUES UNDER THE SEA - BOOK SUMMARY
The captain of the Scotia, the ship that sank and provoked the United States to send the Abraham Lincoln in search of the Nautilus. The root word “ande” means man; therefore, Anderson can be read as son of man. It is possible that Verne employed this name because it was this final stand off--between “man” and machine--that incited government action. However, it is likely that Verne based this character on the real life Captain Anderson of the Great Eastern described in Part II.
The captain of the Abraham Lincoln. His name is taken from a Union Civil War admiral, David G. Farragut. David Farragut is famous for his statement: “Damn the torpedoes--full speed ahead!!!”
Sir Samuel Cunard
The name of the well-known Canadian ship-owner of a prestigious British and North American Line. When his ship, the Scotia is attacked, the world is outraged. Cunard’s ships have an outstanding reputation and never sink.
The protagonist of a story is the main character, who traditionally,
undergoes some sort of change. He or She must usually overcome some opposing
force. In Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas the protagonist
is Dr. Pierre Aronnax. He is the narrator and central character of the
tale. Aronnax is repeatedly described as a naturalist throughout the story.
A naturalist is, essentially, a person who is well studied in natural
sciences such as zoology and botany--as is Aronnax. However, within the
context of Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas, a tale of science
fiction, his position of a naturalist is juxtaposed with that which seeks
to thwart nature--Captain Nemo and the Nautilus. Ironically, Aronnax’s
confrontation with Nemo, during which he sees how science can be used
for evil, he chooses his fellow man over science.
The antagonist of a story is the character that provides an obstacle
for the protagonist. In this case the antagonist is Captain Nemo. The
obstacle is the imprisonment of Aronnax and the other characters aboard
The climax of a story is the major turning point that determines the
outcome of the plot. It is the point to which the rising action leads.
In this story the climax is in Chapter 22, “Captain Nemo’s Last Words,”
when the men make the decision to escape. This is a major decision, which
permanently changes their condition of imprisonment.
Also known as the resolution or denouement, this is the place in the plot
where the action is resolved or clarified. In this novel, the outcome
is that the men survive the giant whirlpool. Captain Nemo remains a mystery;
we do not know if he has survived, nor do we know where he came from or
who he really is. Aronnax plans to return to France.
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. 21 May 2008