The rising action begins when Santiago sleeps in the church ruins and
dreams about the child leading him to Egypt. From there, it follows his
search for his treasure from Spain to Tangier to the oasis to the pyramids
and back to Spain. Along .........
Santiago returns to the ruined church and digs under the sycamore tree
until he finds ........
The point of view is third person omniscient, which means that the reader
sees and knows.......
There are several other literary devices that pop up at various times
in the story. One of the most prevalent ones is foreshadowing which frequently
presents clues of something that will happen later in the novel. Some
examples of foreshadowing include:
1.) The entire foreword, Ten Years On, is a foreshadowing of the obstacles Santiago will face on his search for his treasure.
2.) The Prologue is foreshadowing of the idea of the Soul of the World
- we are all a part........
........11.) When the alchemist gives a second piece of gold to the
monk to hold for Santiago it foreshadows that the boy will return to the
monastery to finance his way back to Spain
Another element that is important to note is irony - when something
happens, or is seen, or is heard that we may know, but the characters
do not, or that appears opposite of what is expected. Some examples of
1.) It is ironic that Santiago has turned down a life in the seminary because he didn't need .......
.........6.) It is ironic that he traveled all the way across Africa
to Egypt only to discover that his treasure was in Spain at the ruined
church where he had his dream.
Another element that is important to note is personification - when
something that is not human takes on the characteristics of a human being.
Some examples of personification include:
1.) Santiago must listen to the words his heart speaks.
2.) The desert knows and understands Santiago, because they.....
.......4.) The wind and the sun speak to Santiago when he asks their help in turning himself into the wind.
The complete study guide is currently available
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symbolism, motifs, and imagery; a key facts summary; detailed analysis
of the use of foreshadowing and irony; a multiple-choice quiz, and suggested
book report ideas and essay topics.