Study Guide: A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini - BookNotes|
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A THOUSAND SPLENDID SUNS: LITERATURE NOTES
The theme of the discrimination of women reinforces how cruel men can
be against the feminine side of a culture. Women are never really free
even when the government is more democratic, because of the belief that
the Koran allows them to have total control over their wives. A man, like
Rasheed, can decide, even when women are relatively modern, that their
wives must wear the burqa. They can beat them and even kill them in the
name of their honor. They can keep them at home and deny them basic rights
without punishment. All of this is further forced upon all women, no matter
the attitudes of their husbands, when the Taliban comes to power. Lailaís
Babi believed that a society could not flourish if their women were suppressed.
This can be seen in wartorn Afghanistan.
Another theme that is emphasized throughout is that of loyalty and devotion.
The female characters know the reward as well as the heartache of this
emotion, yet they ccontinue to feel it for those they love and need. Mariam,
for example cannot quite stop loving her father, Jalil, even though he
turns his back on her and forces her to marry Rasheed. Then, she comes
to love and respect Laila and never stops being loyal and devoted, giving
what they call the last full measure for her and her children - her life.
Laila loves Tariq, but when he and his family flee Afghanistan, she refuses
to marry him and leave with them, because she loves and feels too great
a devotion to her parents. Later, even though she doesnít want to marry
Rasheed, she does so to protect her unborn baby. Finally, even though
she is devoted to Mariam, she knows her devotion to her children takes
precedence and forces her to leave her country when staying would mean
her death and no one to care for the children.
The rising action begins with Mariamís story of her childhood and ends
with the climax which is the death of Rasheed at Mariamís hands.
After Rasheed is dead, the two women hide his body in the shed and then
make plans to escape the country. Mariam knows all along that they cannot
both go, because then they might both be caught and there will be no one
to care for and protect Lailaís children. So, even though Laila is convinced
they can make it together, Mariam refuses to leave, willing to face death
rather than Laila dying, too. Mariam is executed by the Taliban, and Laila
comes to live for awhile in Murree, Pakistan with Tariq and the children.
She eventually realizes that to honor the sacrifices of her parents and
Mariam, she must return to her country to be one of thos who strive to
rebuild it. She says goodbye to Mariam at the kolba in Herat and
she and her family go back to Kabul.
It is written third person point of view from the perspective of an omniscient
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Clapsaddle, Diane. "TheBestNotes on A Thousand Splendid Suns".
. 09 May 2017