Study Guide: A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini - BookNotes|
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A THOUSAND SPLENDID SUNS: PLOT SUMMARY / ANALYSIS
Mariam is the only woman in her cell who is there for a violent crime. Most of the others have been brought her for “running away from home.” As a result, she has obtained a kind of celebrity among them. The women eye her with a reverent, almost awestruck, expression. Naghma is the most avid of her fans, always hugging her elbows and following her wherever she goes. She is in prison, because she had been promised to a man thirty years older than her. So, she eloped with the son of a local mullah with whom she had fallen in love. They were quickly caught and sent back. The mullah’s son was flogged until he repented and said that Naghma has seduced him after she cast a spell on him. He was freed, but she was sentenced to five years in prison. When she hears Naghma’s story, Mariam thinks once again of Nan’s words all those years agao, “Like a compass needle that points north, a man’s accusing finger always finds a woman. Always. You remember that, Mariam.”
Mariam’s trial had taken place the week before. There was no legal council, no public hearing, no cross-examining of evidence, no appeals. It lasted less than fifteen minutes. When asked if admitted to the crime, Mariam said she did. At first, Mariam warmed to the judge whom she found to be similar to Mullah Faizullah, but then he showed his true side. He said, after she told him she understood fully what she was saying, that he wondered if that werer so since God made men and women differently. Men had larger brains and so women were not able to think like men. That was why they required only one male witness but two female ones. Mariam then told him she admitted to what she did, but of she hadn’t killed Rasheed, he would have strangled Laila. The judge snickered and said women swore to all kind of things and she had no witnesses to back her up. He went on to say that he was not afraid to die, but he was afraid to face Allah not having obeyed His laws. He was determined to carry out His word. He believed her that she had a disagreeable husband, but he questioned how she could commit such a crime with his little boy crying upstairs. He said, “Something tells me you are not a wicked woman, hamshira. But you have done a wicked thing.” After she was punished with a sentence of death, she was led out to sign a document while the Taliban watched. “She wrote out her name - the neem, the reh, the yah, and the neem - remembering the last time she signed her name to a document, twenty-seven years before, at Jalil’s table, beneath the watchful gaze of another mullah.
Mariam spends ten days in prison, looking out the window whenever the dust was blowing too badly. On her last day there, Naghma gives her a tangerine, bursting into tears as she hands it to her. To Naghma, Mariam is the best friend she has ever had. She spends the rest of the day watching the children play and remembering the dream she had the night before of eleven pebbles. She dreamed of Jalil, young again, and Mullah Faizullah. But most of dream was of Nana and the sound the wheelbarrow coming up the hill through cows and sheep on the hill.
On the way to Ghazi Stadium, Mariam bounces in the bed of a Taliban
truck as it skids over potholes. A young armed Talib sits across from
her and Mariam wonders if he will be the one. He asks her if she is afraid,
and Mariam admits that she is very afraid. He then tells her that his
father fought against the Communists, and his mother had told him his
father was the bravest man she had ever known. However, when he had been
taken away by them, he had cried like a child. Now he tells Mariam that
it’s nothing to be ashamed of. For the first time that day, Mariam cries
just a little. Thousands of eyes bear down on her as she is helped from
the truck. A murmuring ripple is also heard. Mariam imagines how the crowd
may shake their heads in disapproval when her crime is announced, but
she blinds herself to all of them. Earlier that morning, she had been
afraid she would turn into a pleading, weeping spectacle, but her legs
do not buckle and her arms do not flail. She doesn’t have to be dragged,
and when she feels gherself faltering, she thinks of Zalmai, from whom
she had taken the love of his life. Then, her stride steadies, and she
can walk without protest. She is told to walk toward the southern goalpost.
She keeps her eyes to the ground on her shadow and the shadow of the executioner
who walks behind. Now she thinks life, even though there had been moments
of beauty, was mostly unkind to her. However, as she walks these final
paces, she can’t help hoping for more of it. She wishes she could see
Laila again, to hear the clangor of her laugh, to sit once more with her
and a cup of tea. She mourns that she will never see Aziza grow up. She
would have liked to be old and play with Aziza’s children. Now, through
the criss-crossing mesh of the burqa, she sees the shadow behind her lift
his rifle. She wishes for so much in these final moments, but at least
now, it is without regret. A sensation of abundant peace washes over her.
She had entered this world a harami, a weed, but she is leaving
it a woman who had loved and been loved back. “This is a legitimate end
to a life of illegitimate beginnings.” She begins to say a few words from
the Koran as the executioner tells her to kneel and look down. “For one
last time, Miriam does as she is told.”
This chapter is one of the most poignant ones in the novel. Mariam’s acceptance
of the final unkindness in her life without regret or rancor is a wonder,
given all she has faced and been denied. Instead, she remembers the people
to whom she had been unkind and feels regret only for the unkindnesses
she was responsible for. Furthermore, she is as much a victim of the Taliban
as any other person unjustly treated and executed in the name of the laws
of Allah. It is a sober reminder that more people have died in the name
of religion than for any other reason in the history of mankind.
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Clapsaddle, Diane. "TheBestNotes on A Thousand Splendid Suns".
. 09 May 2017