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INVISIBLE MAN BY RALPH ELLISON: LITERARY ANALYSIS
The conversation changes to Mr. Norton and the narrator. The veteran tells
Mr. Norton that the narrator is an invisible man, an automaton. The narrator
is extremely uncomfortable with the free and somewhat alarming conversation
between the crazy black man and the rich white benefactor. Mr. Norton
becomes equally distressed and wants to leave. As they try to depart,
the veteran surgeon threatens them, and the mob downstairs attacks them.
Halley helps them escape to the car.
Ironically, Ellison introduces a "crazy" character at the Golden
Day to speak some of the only blatant truth in the novel-the truth about
the white man’s need to “support” the black man. Neither Mr. Norton nor
the narrator can believe how this black man speaks with such directness.
The scene is compared in many ways with the previous encounter with Trueblood.
Ellison plays heavily on the contrast between the two encounters. It is
ironic that Mr. Norton contributes one hundred dollars to Trueblood, a
man who degrades his own community, while he is angered by the man who
speaks the truth with dignity. This double-standard is thematically similar
to the “Battle Royal” in the first chapter, where the white leaders pay
money to encourage the black men to fight each other, while they at the
same time become violent when the young narrator says the words "social
equality" in the context of his speech. Ellison has also created
another parallel. The black prostitutes at the Golden Day are paid by
white men to perform degrading acts, while black men are also paid by
white men to perform degrading acts (such as blind boxing and fighting
for brass pieces on an electric rug). The implication is clear; the black
race simply sells itself to the white race.
The narrator drops Mr. Norton off on campus after a drive filled with profuse
worries and fears about what he has allowed to happen. The narrator tries
to apologize to Mr. Norton, but is merely told to send for the school
nurse and Dr. Bledsoe. As he goes to get Dr. Bledsoe, he worries about
losing the one identity he has as a student at the school. He tells Dr.
Bledsoe that he took Mr. Norton to the old slave quarters because Mr.
Norton requested it. Dr. Bledsoe tells the narrator that he was responsible
for the incident, not Mr. Norton. When they arrive at Mr. Norton's room,
Dr. Bledsoe tells Mr. Norton that the student driver, the narrator, will
be reprimanded. The narrator defends himself, and Norton says he will
tell Dr. Bledsoe the whole story. He confirms that the narrator is not
responsible for the day's trouble. The narrator is asked to leave the
two men alone. He returns to his room to worry about what will happen
to him. Finally, he is sent for. When he arrives at the room, he finds
Mr. Norton waiting alone. The benefactor reassures the narrator that he
told Dr. Bledsoe nothing was his fault and that he should meet Dr. Bledsoe
after Chapel. The narrator is relieved and heads for the Chapel.
The young narrator is very worried about losing his identity as a student
at the Negro college. It is almost too frightening for him to imagine;
he thinks about begging and pleading with humble tears to prove himself
worthy of remaining. He does not even seem to realize the irony of the
fact that the identity the school has given him is the only one he has
for them to take away. Even while he is worrying about the loss of this
identity, another crisis threatens him. Dr. Bledsoe has been an inspiration
to him; now, Dr. Bledsoe has attacked him and accused him and all blacks
of manipulating white men. Dr. Bledsoe tells the narrator that blacks
should show the white man only what they want him to see, acting as a
filter. Dr. Bledsoe’s hypocrisy is even clearer when he approaches Mr.
Norton with a stance of sincerity and humility that is in complete contrast
to what he has told the narrator.
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. 09 May 2017