Free Study Guide for The Giver by Lois Lowry|
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Next, the Giver gives Jonas the memory for sunshine. Sunshine is new to Jonas, but he perceives the word on his own, without explanation from the Giver. The Giver is pleased. His job will be easier. The Giver explains that, before Sameness with its Climate Control, sunshine came from the sky.
Before their session ends, Jonas brings up the subject of pain. Both the Chief Elder and the Giver have mentioned that there will be pain. The Giver says that will come later. He wants first to give Jonas pleasant memories. He learned that is better when he lost the last Receiver. When Jonas declares that he is brave, the Giver decides to give him one more memory. He gives him the memory of sunburn. Jonas feels the pain, but is glad to have the experience.
Before leaving, Jonas brings up the subject of what to call the old man. Up until now, he has been told that the old man is the Receiver and he, Jonas, is the Receiver. The old man says that he can call him the Giver. (In this review, we have already started referring to him as the Giver.)
The method by which the Giver transmits memories to Jonas seems unusual. He seems to simply put his hands on Jonasís back and the memories flow from him to Jonas. How does this work? We are never told. It seems mystical or magical.
In this chapter Sameness is mentioned. This name describes the community way of life very well. The emphasis is on everyone being the same as much as possible, with any differences being ignored. To call attention to any difference is considered to be impolite.
Sameness sounds like it would be a boring environment in which to live. There are more important considerations than efficiency. Variations make life more interesting.
Starting Sameness must have been a gigantic task, probably taking more than one generation. It seems that a society that was able to complete such a task would have also been able to continue as they were. They had to already be quite efficient or they could never have finished the task.
The Giver makes a distinction between honor and power. Those who have honor have respect. Those who have power have influence. Some things cannot be achieved with honor alone. But, it can be used to influence those with power. That is what the Giver does. The Elders have power and the Giver influences them because they know that he has the memories and is very wise.
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Johnson, Jane. "TheBestNotes on The Giver".
. 09 May 2017