Free Study Guide for East of Eden by John Steinbeck|
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The antagonist of the entire novel is "evil," represented primarily by Cathy Trask, who is later known as Kate, the madam of a brothel. She serves as a force of evil in both her husbandís life and in her sonsí lives. She is the personification of evil as she burns her parents to death, deserts her infant sons, and kills her employer. She drives Adam into a sort of catatonic shock when she violently escapes confinement as his wife, leaving the twins behind for him to raise. Adam gains ascendancy over her when he honors Charlesí will that grants a fortune to Kate. In the second-generation portion of the novel, Kate becomes the hidden force of evil that threatens Aaron and Cal. When Cal confronts her, he is repulsed and rejects her. When Aaron comes face to face with her, he is destroyed. He joins the military and dies soon after.
The key climax of the plot occurs when goodness defeats evil. It happens after Cal rejects his mother and decides he can choose to live a life of goodness. He refuses to tell Aaron about Kate, knowing he would be unable to handle the news. He also tries to honor Adam, who he feels is a good man and father, by earning a fortune to present to him. There are many other smaller climaxes in the novel that lead to the ultimate triumph of good over evil.
Despite many tragic occurrences in the novel, the plot is resolved as a comedy, with goodness triumphing over evil. The novelís resolution occurs with Calís recognition that he can choose to act for the good, overcoming his negative emotions of rage and jealousy. He receives his fatherís blessing and wins the love of Abra. There is an irony in the outcome, for Aaron, not Cal, was always noted as the good son.
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. 09 May 2017