The Diary of Anne Frank: Free Study Guide - Free BookNotes/Analysis|
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FREE LITERATURE SUMMARY: THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK
On June 6, there is good news. The occupants hear that the British forces have reached Holland, and the little group dares to hope again that they may all outlive the war. They also struggle to maintain some sense of normalcy in their lives, even though they have now been in the annex for two years. First they have a celebration for Otto Frank’s birthday; then on June 12, they celebrate Anne’s fifteenth birthday, which will be her last.
In the last few entries in the diary, from June 13 to the last one on August
1, Anne writes mostly about the mundane daily events of her life in the
annex and her inner turmoil. In a mature manner, she says that is fighting
against her temper and trying hard to be good. Her last entry, dated August
1, just three days before the annex is raided by the police and she is
captured and sent to a concentration camp, Anne analyzes herself and her
situation. She says that her rude behavior has always been a front to
cover her inner fears and her misery in the cramped quarters. She longs
to emerge so that she can be herself.
By the end of Anne’s entries into her diary, it is obvious that she has changed greatly during the two years in the annex. Having plenty of time to think and reflect on who she is, Anne now knows herself and what she wants. She even stands up to her father about her relationship with Peter, but in a mature manner, writing him a letter. Obviously, she has acquired a great deal of self-confidence during the period of her hideout. She has also learned to control her temper and not speak out so rashly. Additionally, she is more tolerant of others, judging them less harshly.
Anne’s writing also undergoes a maturing process. The first entries are much
more youthful and less vivid than the later entries. By the end of the
diary, there are descriptive passages and self-introspection that are
much more mature than her fifteen years. In fact, the second half of the
diary is a very well written treatise on some very adult ideas. As a result,
Anne’s diary has been read and studied by young and old alike. It stands
as a noble testament to a young girl’s bravery during a very fearful time
in her life.
In the Epilogue to the diary, it is revealed that the Franks (including Anne),
the van Daans, and Dussel were arrested by the Gestapo on August 4, 1944,
and sent to German concentration camps. Koophuis and Kraler were also
arrested for having aided the Jews and were sent to Westerbork. Mr. Frank,
Kraler, and Koophuis were the only ones to survive their interments. Anne
died in Bergen-Belsen in March of 1945, two months before the liberation
of Holland. After Anne’s arrest, the diary was found by Miep and Elli.
After Mr. Frank emerged from the concentration camp and returned to Holland,
it was given to him.
It was learned that a charman had discovered the secret annex and sold the information to the Nazis for a few coins.
Miep and Elli were in the office during the arrest. Later, Miep tried to rescue them by bribing some officials, but his attempts were useless.
Mr. Koophuis was the first to be released because of medical conditions.
Tragically, the Franks, the van Daans, and Dussel were included on the last shipment of a 1000 Jews from Holland, which departed on September 4, 1944. They were huddled in a freight train bound for Auschwitz in Poland. At the end of the train journey, the men were separated from the women; it was the last time for Mr. Frank to see the rest of his family.
Mrs. Frank was detained in Auschwitz. She became mentally unbalanced during her interment and died in Auschwitz.
Anne, Margot, and Mrs. van Daan were interred in Bergen-Belsen, a concentration camp that was infested with typhus.
At Belsen, Anne was reunited with Lies, her girlfriend whom she wrote and worried about in the diary. Unlike Anne, Lies survived the Belsen camp. She later married and had two children.
Anne, Margot, and Mrs. van Daan all died at Bergen-Belsen, supposedly from
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. 09 May 2017