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Free Study Guide: Brave New World by Aldous Huxley - Free BookNotes

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CHAPTER 10

Summary

Back in London, the production of test-tube babies, the manipulation of class-consciousness, and the clock work efficiency of the new world is once again pictured. Everyone is busy and content when the Director enters the Fertilizing Room with Foster. He has gone forward with the plans to take action against Bernard for attempting to rebel against the society.

When Bernard enters the room, he is most unceremoniously named for being a non-conformist. To make an example of him and to deter others from following suit, the Director announces Bernard's transfer to remote Iceland, a location where his influence will be non-existent. Almost rhetorically, he asks Bernard if he has any defense to offer. Surprisingly, Bernard assures him that he does and produces Linda and John. The Director is exposed when Linda is presented as a mother. John worsens matters by addressing him as father. The witnesses to this dramatic development burst out in disbelieving laughter. Tomakin, totally humiliated, rushes out of the room.

Notes

This brief chapter is exciting, for it puts the pompous Tomakin in his proper place. When Bernard enters the Fertilizing Room, the Director treats him most rudely, calling him a non-conformist and informing him that he will be exiled to Iceland where he can have no negative influence on the new world. There is irony in the Director's choice of the Fertilizing Room as the most "upper-caste" place to degrade Bernard; but his callused conniving boomerangs on him, for a sudden and dramatic reversal of fortunes immediately takes place. When the Director asks Bernard if he has any defense for himself, he casually produces John and Linda. When Linda reveals that she is a mother and John calls Tomakin father, the others in the room cannot contain their laughter over the Director's hypocrisy. Tomakin rushes out of the room in total humiliation. Even though the readers are delighted that the Director has been revealed for what he is, they are made to feel sympathetic for Linda and John, who have become victims in Bernard's plot to undercut the Director.


The real irony of the chapter lies in the fact that the total control and conditioning of this brave new world is not as perfect as it appears; Linda and John are the living proof that not everything is scientifically controlled and that things still go awry. Additionally, the chapter points out that in this totalitarian culture of the new world, it seems perfectly acceptable to sacrifice the individual on the altar of society. The chapter ends on a note of tension; the reader is made to wonder what will happen to John and Linda.


CHAPTER 11

Summary

Linda is either completely ignored, almost as if common, or totally rejected by those in the new world. The Alphas and Betas cannot stomach her ill-kept appearance and flabbiness. She exists on increasingly larger doses of soma, as John helplessly stands by and watches her destroy herself. Although her life will be shortened by her overdosing, she is relieved by her drugged existence, knowing that rejuvenation is not possible for her. The doctors who attend her welcome the opportunity to observe human aging and senility.

In contrast to his mother, John the "Savage" becomes an immediate sensation in London for his differences. Bernard, serving as his guardian, basks in the limelight. He changes from a clumsy, self-conscious, alienated Alpha-plus into a man with clout, as he controls John's schedule and his visitors. In a patronizing manner, Bernard regularly reports to the Controller on John's reactions and adds his own comments. Gaining greater confidence (almost a sense of superiority), Bernard begins to openly criticize certain aspects of the totalitarian society. It is hinted that Bernard will be disgraced and ostracized in the future for over-reaching himself.

John is disgusted with life in the brave, new world. He is horrified at the things that he finds in the factories and repulsed by the reliance on soma. When he visits Eton, the upper-caste school, he is bewildered by the lessons taught there, especially when he hears the Savage Reservation being ridiculed and watches the process of hypnop'dia. As a result of his negative experiences, he is driven towards his mother and develops an almost "unnatural" affection for her, despite her ugliness.

When Bernard has a date with someone else, he assigns to Lenina the care of John. She is thrilled at the opportunity, for she has been puzzled by the fact that John has not attempted to make love to her even though she senses his attraction. She takes him to the "feelies," where John experiences the "virtual reality" of a romance. He still, however, resists the sensation of arousal and refuses to spend the entire evening with Lenina. He drops her off early at her place and returns to his room, confused by the "base" feelings he is experiencing. He seeks solace in his copy of Shakespeare. Lenina tries to overcome her disappointment with a dose of soma.

Notes

In this chapter, the Savage is both observer and observed. The new world looks on with amusement at his strange ways, and people fight to have a visit with him. John is disappointed with what he discovers in the new world. Puzzlement, aversion, disgust, even anger is aroused in him. He cannot accept the lack of individuality and the concept of sex without finer feelings. Although he is attracted to Lenina, he will not participate in a non-committal sexual relationship with her, a fact that Lenina cannot understand and resents. In his discomfort in his new existence, he turns to his mother, but his attachment to Linda is held up as another example of his freakishness.

Linda is totally dismissed by the new world. The Alphas and Betas laugh at her ugliness, especially since she is overweight and unkempt. She finds her solace in soma, staying in a drugged stupor most of the time. Only the doctors find her interesting. They welcome the opportunity to see aging and senility, traits that have been eliminated in the new world order.

The shallow Bernard basks in the attention that he receives as John's guardian. He arranges the Savage's schedule and monitors his visitors. Overly confident about his newly found power, he begins to openly voice his criticism of the totalitarian society, indicating his earlier rebellion was merely to hide his inferiority complex. It is now obvious that he will be quieted by the new world sometime in the future.


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